By Patrick Lenehan
An exceptionally topical assessment of ways anabolic steroids are enjoying an more and more prominant half in non-competitive recreation. Brings jointly the main matters in a lucid layout that may entice a large diversity of scholars and execs.
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Extra info for Anabolic steroids: and other performance-enhancing drugs
Unpublished). The potential societal implications of these adverse psychological effects have been documented in a number of reports. , 1993) are examples of crimes that have been associated with abuse of AS. The effects of AS and testosterone derivatives upon road aggression are also subject to research. Ellingrod et al. (1997) conducted a study using the Iowa driving simulator to discover the effects of physiologic and supraphysiologic doses of testosterone cypionate. They used weekly doses of 100 mg, 250 mg and 500 mg, and then tested the driving behaviour of the subjects.
There is a markedly decreased natural testosterone concentration in association with testicular atrophy and impaired spermatogenesis. These conditions are produced by the negative feedback mechanism of AS on the male hypothalamic–pituitary axis and from local suppressive effects of AS on the testes. , 1996). Although thought to be reversible on discontinuation of illicit AS, there have been an increasing number of reports suggesting that low testosterone and gonadotrophin levels have persisted for over 3 years following the end of AS use.
It has been suggested that out-of-competition drug testing may combat this type of behaviour. However, the success of out-of-competition testing in reducing the international spread of AS use in sport depends upon international co-operation. If certain countries are proceeding with out-of-competition testing when others are not, there could be difﬁculties in maintaining fair competition at international sporting events. Other difﬁculties in the implementation of such a strategy are related to the diligence with which each country implements this type of testing regime.
Anabolic steroids: and other performance-enhancing drugs by Patrick Lenehan