By George O'Brien
Книга An Essay at the financial results of the Reformation An Essay at the monetary results of the ReformationКниги Экономика Автор: George O'Brien Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Ihs Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 2,9 ISBN: 0971828628 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:This paintings bargains a different viewpoint at the upward thrust of capitalism and socialism and the impression of the Reformation. particular subject matters comprise outcomes of trust within the deepest judgment of scriptures; separation of religious and secular existence; distinction among Lutheran and Calvinist teachings on economics; the Calvinist proposal of vocation; its belief of fabric luck as an indication of divine election; its compliment of frugality and disdain for attractiveness. additionally lined is socialism as a response to excesses of capitalism; the way within which Protestantism had reinforced secular authority; diminuation of charity towards the negative following Reformation; materialism underlying socialism abetted by means of Protestant emphasis on earthly prosperity; egalitarian principles traceable to Protestantism; and the benefit with which socialism mixed into Protestant concept. this can be a specific paintings of financial philosophy in that it examines the ideological explanations of the industrial adjustments of the interval, hence delivering a fresh philosophical point of view instead of only the mathematical or statistical aspects of the query.
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Extra info for An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation
To say, as these authors say, that modern Catholicism is but the reverse of the shield of which Protestantism is the obverse, is going too far; but it is true insofar as it points to the undoubted historical fact that the power for good of Catholicism as a social and civilizing force was seriously weakened by the Reformation. 45 The point we have been seeking to make in the last few pages is that the Reformation was such a deep-seated and far-reaching movement that it would be impossible to confine a study of its consequences to the time of the actual reformers; but that the latter must be held responsible for all the necessary consequences of their action in attacking Catholic unity, whether such consequences were, in fact, foreseen or not; and that they must be likewise held responsible for the reactions caused by their religious teaching in other spheres of life, even though we have no evidence that they ever contemplated such consequences.
So long as Europe was united in faith, the whole effort of Christian missionaries could be devoted to the conversion of the heathen; but as soon as it became divided, their energies were dissipated in attempts to convert each other. ”24 The Reformation not only weakened the Church in its relation to the non-Christian world, but it also weakened its power to deal with the communist heretics, who had at no time been completely absent from Europe, but who had been severely kept in check so long as the Church was powerful.
75 The old Church was essentially an active ethical force. It was not content merely to preach an ideal code of behaviour to its members, but it strove as far as possible to translate its ideals into action. 76 But the matter does not end there. The power of the medieval Church to regulate economic life by moral axioms rested not alone on any mere accidental circumstance of this kind, but on the much surer and deeper foundation that it was in a position to enforce its regulations by direct sanctions.
An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation by George O'Brien