By Ammonius, David A. Blank
Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his common sense, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their simple elements - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of adverse affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his skill as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even though his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up via his students, who integrated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and in part from the good misplaced statement of Porphyry. the 2 most vital extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this can be one (the different being via Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, that are to some degree reconstructed for them
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E. to look at the transcendent (exêirêmenai) causes of those things which the discussion is about, add that, as there are three primitive orders above the natural substances, the divine (theion), the intellectual (noeron), and in addition to these the psychic, we say that things are derived (paragesthai) from the divine, thoughts have their subsistence from (huphistasthai apo) intellects (nous), and vocal sounds are produced (apoteleisthai) by souls which are formed in accordance with the rational and contain substance separate from all 25 Translation 34 30 25,1 5 10 15 20 25 30 124 body.
These, then, have been discussed in the On the Soul, as they belong to another course. e. e. truth and falsity]: do they belong to things or to thoughts or to vocal sounds (phônai) or to any two or even to all of these; and if they belong to vocal sounds, then to which ones, to names and verbs or to the sentences which consist of them? e. truth and falsity] are observed with respect to the thoughts, which are causes of the vocal sounds. In fact, some of these
For in the former the part is by no means significant, while in the latter it has some force, but when it is separate it is significant of nothing, for example the ‘kelês’ (‘skiff ’) in ‘epaktrokelês’ (‘pirate-skiff ’). g. beasts’ sounds, none of which is a name. <‘Of which no part is significant when separated’ and compound names> 10 15 25 25 30 The usefulness of the distinctions included in the definition of the name is taught in these lines, the lesson taking up from what was said last. For it is first said why the phrase ‘of which no part is significant when separated’ was added.
Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank