By J F. Staal
The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been totally liked by means of Western students -- in part due to the nice technical problems awarded through such an inquiry, and partially simply because correct instructional articles were restrained to imprecise and inaccessible publications.
This publication makes to be had to linguists and Sanskritists a suite of crucial articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and offers a hooked up ancient define in their actions. It covers reviews and fragments starting from early 7th-century money owed of the grammarians -- recorded by way of Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, via Muslim tourists from the close to East, and through Christian missionaries -- to a couple of the easiest articles that experience seemed over the past century and a half.
Chapters within the publication disguise the basis of Sanskrit reports within the West laid through British students operating in India and together with the exact and actual info supplied by way of Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini by way of von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low evaluate of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of recent Western, Indian, and eastern scholars.
The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader exhibit difficulties tackled via the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied old and linguistic remark and bibliographic facts within the introductions and notes that accompany every one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.
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Additional info for A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians
A person who has studied so far as this (book), is said to have mastered grammatical science, and may be compared to one who has learnt the Nine Classics and all the other authors of China. All the above-mentioned books are studied by both priests and laymen ; if not they cannot gain the fame of the well-informed (lit. ' much heard/ Bahusruta, or ' Knowing much of the sruti '). 3 Fa Tsang (643-71 2) Though Hsüan Tsang and I Tsing are the most famous of the Chinese pilgrims who provided information on India, there were other Chinese scholars who referred to Sanskrit and, in such references, to the Sanskrit grammarians.
Ruegg1959, 57-60). ' 16 I Tsing excellent Law he became a homeless priest, but overcome by worldly desires he returned again to the laity. In the same manner he became seven times a priest, and seven times returned to the laity. Unless one believes well in the truth of cause and effect, one cannot act strenuously like him. He wrote the following verses, full of self-reproach : Through the enticement of the world I returned to the laity. Being free from secular pleasures again I wear the priestly cloak.
It contains 25,000 slokas, and fully treats of the principles of human life, as well as of grammatical science, and also relates the reasons of the rise and decline of many families. The author was intimately acquainted with the doctrine of'sole knowledge' (Vidyämätra), and has skilfully discussed about the Hetu and Udäharana (the cause and example of logic). This scholar was very famous throughout the five parts of India, and his excellences were known everywhere (lit. ' t o the eight quarters ').
A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians by J F. Staal