By Kamil V. Zvelebil; Jan Gonda (Editor)
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Additional resources for A History of Indian Literature, Volume X: Dravidian Literature, Fasc. 1: Tamil Literature
But the hero is in fact anonymous, and the theme is the pain of separation: the wife of a warrior has put away her splendid dress and ornaments and bewails the absence of her lord who is away in the battlefield. Her attendants try to console her, and pray to the War-goddess, Korravai, that her husband may return soon after conquering his enemies. The poem contains exquisite description of the cold season in the country and in the city (probably Maturai), and a marvellous scene of the king's winter-camp at night, as he walks through the camp and consoles wounded soldiers by kind words: he leans on the shoulder of a youth, his other hand holding up his costly robes; a captain armed with lance points out the wounded men; behind, a saddled war-horse shakes off the raindrops.
Large-water rock-fight small foam" is peru nlr kal poru ciru nurai The utterance involves, incidentally, an important rhetoric device, the socalled muran 'contrast' (perunir 'large water:' cirunurai 'small foam'). In the beautiful English version by A. K. Ramanujan 61 we read and like a streak of foam in high waters dashed on the rocks little by little I ebb and become nothing. Though indeed an excellent translation, this is more an interpretation than a straightforward translation of the wonderfully concise original62.
Perumpanarruppatai 'The Long Guide for the Minstrel with the Lute' is attributed like the previous poem to Uruttirankannanar. It contains 500 lines in the akaval metre praising the chieftain Tontaiman Ilantiraiyan, ruler of Kaflci (ca. ). A special feature of this poem is a detailed description of the five physiographic regions (tinai) which one can see in Ilantiraiyan's territory: the Jcurinci or montainous region whose robbers live in fortified villages; the pdlai region inhabited by hunters; the mullai land where herdsmen tend their sheep and cattle; the marutam where farmers cultivate their fields; and the neytal region where fishermen thrive.
A History of Indian Literature, Volume X: Dravidian Literature, Fasc. 1: Tamil Literature by Kamil V. Zvelebil; Jan Gonda (Editor)