By David E. Watters
This can be a complete grammatical documentation of Kham, a formerly undescribed language from west-central Nepal, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman language family members. The language has an strange constitution, containing a couple of features which are of rapid relevance to present paintings on linguistic concept, together with break up ergativity and its demonstrative procedure. Its verb morphology has implications for the certainty of the background of the complete Tibeto-Burman relations. The booklet, in keeping with large fieldwork, offers copious examples in the course of the exposition. it will likely be a invaluable source for typologists and basic linguists alike.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Kham (Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions)
The back vowel that I represent as /Ó/ is phonetically a high-back unrounded vowel and close to the IPA representation . 2 Vowels 23 Table 4 gives the full inventory in the Takale dialect using orthographic symbols that will be used throughout the book. 1 Contrastive length All vowels are contrastive for length. Orthographically, long vowels are marked by a colon immediately following the vowel symbol – /i:/, /e:/, /˙:/, /a:/, /u:/, /o:/, /ü:/, /ö:/, and /Ó:/. Following are contrastive sets: (10) SHORT: a.
A village’s wealth is determined, in large part, by the size and location of its alpine holdings. Tolls are levied on herds passing through another’s communal land, and longer stays are taxed on a per-diem, per-animal basis. Taka, with its cluster of four villages, is relatively wealthy in land holdings, and its occupants own more than 20,000 sheep. The permanently inhabited villages in the north, especially those of the Maikot, Taka, Lukum, and Thabang valleys, are built in the fortress-like style of northwest Nepal.
Everything else gets lumped rather differently. Shafer (1966), for example, sets up a ‘West Himalayish’ and a ‘West-Central Himalayish’ between Bodish and East Himalayish, essentially placing all four groups on a par with one another. Nishida’s classification (1970), apart from the placement of Tibetan, follows closely. Most other classifications – Benedict (1972), Egerod (1974), and DeLancey (1987), for example – put the languages of Shafer’s West Himalayish unit closer to Bodish, and his West-Central Himalayish languages closer to Kiranti.
A Grammar of Kham (Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions) by David E. Watters