By Paolo Asso
Booklet four of Lucan??s epic contrasts Europe with Africa. on the conflict of Lerida (Spain), a violent typhoon factors the neighborhood rivers to flood the apparent among the 2 hills the place the opposing armies are camped. Asso??s observation lines Lucan??s memories of early Greek stories of construction, while Chaos held the weather in vague confusion. This primordial broth units the tone for the complete e-book. After the conflict, the scene switches to the Adriatic shore of Illyricum (Albania), and at last to Africa, the place the proto-mythical water of the start of the e-book cedes to the dryness of the wilderness. The narrative unfolds opposed to the historical past of the conflict of the weather. The Spanish deluge is changed by means of the desiccated desolation of Africa. The statement contrasts the representations of Rome with Africa and explores the importance of Africa as an area infected by way of evil, yet which is still a vital part of Rome. besides Lucan??s different geographic and natural-scientific discussions, Africa??s place as part of the Roman global is painstakingly supported by way of astronomic and geographic erudition in Lucan??s mixing of clinical and mythological discourse. The poet is a visionary who helps his fact claims through clinical discourse.
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Extra resources for A Commentary on Lucan, ''De bello civili'' IV
Is perhaps even more Virgilian than Virgil is in his use of unusual phrases and in the deployment of enclosing word order and other features of hyperbaton. _____________ 75 The commentary entries will offer parallels along with statistics about word usage in previous as well as later authors. ’s balance in innovative usage and linguistic experimentation. 76 Gagliardi 1999, 106-7. 77 On prosaic diction, see the references collected below at 582n. exarsit. 24 Introduction Syntax and Word Order L.
6. , 423 patenti Ω : latenti M Z. , 186 det Z M P V : dat M P U : dant V : dent G | bello Ω V : bellum V G. The reason for indulging in this apparently capricious inconsistency is in the nature of the manuscript tradition itself. The manuscripts are, in fact, so contaminated that it is completely impossible to design a stemma codicum. Badalì’s complex system of sigla assigns as far as possible an unambiguous label to each of the many variants cited in his apparatus, relying on both superscript and subscript figures along with the sigla to account for corrections, erasures, and first readings, not to mention the variants reported in the scholiastic tradition.
When the heavens sank into night, Caesar surrounded his army with a trench. While the first battle line stood firmly in formation, he deceived the enemy by screening the camp with densely packed maniples nearby. At daybreak, Caesar commanded them to climb in a sudden rush the hill that safely separates Ilerda from the camp. The enemy was drawn to this place by equal measures of fear and shame, and Caesar captured the hill with a swift offensive. Virtue and the sword hold forth the promise of the ground to Caesar’s men, yet the ground itself does the same for the enemy.
A Commentary on Lucan, ''De bello civili'' IV by Paolo Asso