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Download PDF by A. Ardeshir Goshtasby: 2-D and 3-D Image Registration: for Medical, Remote Sensing,

By A. Ardeshir Goshtasby

ISBN-10: 0471649546

ISBN-13: 9780471649540

ISBN-10: 3175723993

ISBN-13: 9783175723998

A definitive and finished evaluate of present literature and the main innovative applied sciences within the box of photograph registration. rather well equipped and written. essential for laptop experts.

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Additional info for 2-D and 3-D Image Registration: for Medical, Remote Sensing, and Industrial Applications

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8b. 3 Edge detection by intensity ratios A 2-D image represents the projection of a 3-D scene onto a plane, recording intensities proportional to brightnesses in the scene. Perceived brightness at a point depends on the illumination as well as the reflectance and orientation of the surface at the point. Therefore, recorded intensity 22 PREPROCESSING (a) (b) (c) (d) Fig. 8 (a) A synthetic gradient image with a clear region boundary. (b) The Canny edges, representing locally maximum gradients in the gradient direction.

1 Intensity thresholding In image segmentation by thresholding, one or more threshold values are interactively or automatically selected and used to segment an image. When a single threshold value is used, image intensities equal to or greater than it are assigned to one class and the remaining intensities are assigned to another class. Then, regions are formed by connecting adjacent pixels of the same class. Intensity thresholding works well in 16 PREPROCESSING images where intensity distributions of the objects and the background are Gaussians and have different means.

Assuming Y (i) is the ith element of Y, g(i, j) is the ijth element of g, and f (i, j) is the ijth element of f , the following algorithm computes f given g and r. 1: Direct computation of inverse filtering 1: 2: Determine L and U. For j = 0, . . 4: 15 Set Y (0) = g(0, j). Compute Y (i) = g(i, j) − li−1 Y (i − 1) for i = 1, . . , M − 1. Set f (M − 1, j) = Y (M − 1)/buM −1 . Compute f (i, j) = [Y (i)/[b−f (i+1, j)]/ui for i = (M −2), . . , 0. Computation of each element of matrix f requires only four multiplications and divisions.

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2-D and 3-D Image Registration: for Medical, Remote Sensing, and Industrial Applications by A. Ardeshir Goshtasby

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